What is Terpene Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene?
Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene
Alpha-Pinene is an alkene which is one of the two isomers of pinene. It has turpentine or woody odor and is colorless in nature. It is found in coniferous trees, basil, pine needles, and of course in cannabis. Alpha-pinene is produced in nature through vegetation. And it turns out to be in pretty good amounts, and it varies with respect to temperature and light intensity.
Molecular formula of alpha-pinene – 2,6,6-trimethylbicyclo [3.1.1] hept-2-ene is C10H16. Its molecular structure has a four-membered ring.
Its molecular weight is 136.238 g/mol. Its boiling point is 313.2 ° F and melting point is -67 ° F. It is insoluble in water but denser than water.
Alpha-Pinene is used to reduce the memory problems caused as a side effect from THC intake. It has anti-bacterial quality. Pancreas and lungs are beneficial organs if you intake Alpha-Pinene. Yes. It protects these organs very well. Research studies have found that the use of alpha-pinene reduced the production of TNF-alpha, the pancreatic tumor necrosis factor.
It is an efficient bronchodilator meaning it improves the functioning of the respiratory organs in and out. Also, it is highly available (60%) in the air because of which the pulmonary intake is easy.
It is used as a flavoring agent and food additives. The odor of alpha-pinene is disliked by insects. Hence, it acts as a great insect repellent resulting in fewer insect attacks on plants.
On swallowing or penetrated through the skin, it is harmful. On taking at higher than normal dosage, they are extremely dangerous to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract.
Beta-Pinene is an organic monoterpene compound which is a colorless liquid with pine-like odor. It is one of the two isomers of Pinene. It is generously released into the atmosphere by trees. Cuminum cyminum, cannabis, Humulus lupulus, Clausena anisata, and Pinus pinaster - these plants contain Beta-Pinene. It is also found in almond and coniferous trees.
Molecular formula of Beta-Pinene – (1S,5S)-6,6-dimethyl-2-methylidenebicyclo [3.1.1] heptanes is C10H16.
Its molecular weight is 136.238 g/mol. Its boiling point is 166.0°C, and the melting point is -61.25°C. It is soluble in alcohol and chloroform.
It is an efficient flavoring and fragrance agent.
Anti-depression properties are found in oils which has the occurrence of Beta-Pinene. It is found in many aromatic plans which are involved in stress relieving purposes.
Anti-bacterial properties are also witnessed in Beta-Pinene. Upon treated on gram positive and gram negative bacteria, researchers found the vitro antibacterial behavior of Beta-Pinene. Another study in 2012 revealed that only the positive enantiomers of pinene demonstrate antimicrobial activity against -pinene, such as:
- C. albicans
- C. neoformans
- R. oryzae
The additive, as well as synergistic effects of (+) –alpha- and (+)-beta-pinene standards along with commercial antimicrobials are significant as they decreased the MIC of mixed substances, kept the antimicrobial activity, and reduced toxicity.
Researching on Schefflera heptaphylla – an essential oil which constitutes beta-pinene showed anticancer activity against A375 cancer cell lines. With this, the experts concluded that it is an effective compound to fight against cancer.