What is the Terpene Eucalyptol?
Eucalyptol is a colorless liquid with a minty odor. It is found in Eucalyptus, ginger, pepperwood, Spanish sage, bay laurel, etc. It is a widely used product in mouthwashes, cosmetics, and also in medicinal remedies. About 70 to 90% of Eucalyptol is found in Eucalyptus oil. It has wondrous medicinal properties, which makes it an inevitable component in the medicinal world. You might remember strong balms which are given to rub for cold in childhood. This minty and camphor-like smell is from this Eucalyptol.
The molecular formula of Eucalyptol - 1, 3, 3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo [2.2.2] octane is C10H18O.
It has a molecular weight of 154.253 g/mo. It has a boiling point of 349 to 351° F at 760 mm Hg (NTP, 1992) and a melting point of 34.7 ° F (NTP, 1992). It is insoluble in water but mixes with alcohol, glacial acetic acid, chloroforms, and fixed or volatile oils. Its density is 0.921 to 0.923 (NTP, 1992), and it has good stability.
Eucalyptol is produced by doing the fractional distillation on essential oils (like Eucalyptus globulus) containing huge amounts of Eucalyptol. First, fractional distillation is done, which is followed by freezing. This finally results in the extraction of Eucalyptol. This is widely done in countries like Spain, Portugal, and Austria. It is also imported to various places for its exceptional benefits.
Uses of Eucalyptol:
Eucalyptol is widely used as a flavoring and fragrance agent in foods, chocolates, cough syrups, and medicines for its pleasant smell and taste. Also, it is an approved component to be used in food and food products by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is listed as one of the additives to cigarettes and also used as a flavor in tobacco. It is a widely used product in mouthwashes, cosmetics, leather waxes, air fresheners, cleaners, and also in medicinal remedies.
It is specially used to attract male bees, which is effectively helpful for the related study of bees. It is a popular bait to draw the attention of bees.
To reduce inflammation in the digestive system, the most preferred thing is medicines with Eucalyptol. In addition, it fights against pathogenic species of bacteria and protects. Due to this specific beneficial property of Eucalyptol, it grabs its presence in medicines to cure cancer, such as colon cancer, blood cancer, and also Alzheimer’s.
Studies show that Eucalyptol is allowed for acceptable daily intake.
On releasing Eucalyptol into the air, it gets degraded by reaction with other chemicals, but it’s unaffected by light. It is supposed to move from wet soil to air and also within the area of soil. It also moves from water surfaces to the air. This makes it prevalent in aquatic organisms too.
When taken over the normal dosage limit of Eucalyptus oil, it will result in dizziness, drowsiness, vomiting sensation, and sometimes even death. Liver and kidney damage was also seen when treated on animals. In overdosage amounts, it becomes reproductive toxin for humans causing abortions, reproductive, and birth defects.